Primary classification: Study Item
Targeted Release: 3GPP Release 17
As every organisation owns assets (machines, medical devices, containers, pallets, trolleys …) and since assets can be (extremely) valuable, asset tracking represents a huge market (billions of units) that so far is mostly untapped by 3GPP technology.
These assets are often not stationary: they are transported all over the world by different kinds of vehicles; and the assets are also moved inside various kinds of buildings.
The ownership of assets may change many times during the life-cycle of the asset as different stakeholders take possession of the assets and pass them on to other stakeholders along the supply chain and value chain.
The value of an asset is not fixed as it typically changes all along the supply chain and value chain.
The emergence of the sharing economy also implies that one asset can be used by different people, which further amplifies the need of asset tracking.
So, many stakeholders want to track their assets anytime and anywhere (indoor & outdoor) in a global and multi-modal context (sea, air, road, rail…).
Asset tracking encompasses distinct use cases such as pallets, trolley, crates, containers, parcels and security asset tracking but also luggage, vehicles and even animals (pets / farm livestock) tracking.
The asset tracking topic implies more than just knowing the location of an asset. Asset tracking includes real time monitoring of several asset-related properties depending on the asset and its content (condition of the asset, environmental factors – temperature, mechanical shock…). An asset is pre-conditioned on a low-cost approach, for which the two main requirements are coverage (need to support full coverage: indoor / urban / rural / harsh environments / metallic obstructions…) and energy efficiency (15 years’ lifetime of an asset tracking device without changing the battery or the UE).
The majority of current solutions are based on active RFID tags coupled with IoT sensors and GPS. These solutions are limited as they require readers to be disseminated almost everywhere. RFID tags can also turn out to be very expensive.
Proprietary solutions are emerging, addressing for instance the container market and the associated requirements for battery efficiency, multi-hop device-to-device communication and security issues.
Other proprietary solutions that are based on LPWAN (Low Power Wireless Access Network) type networks are rather limited (message size, coverage, scalability, duty cycle management, etc.).
Describe asset tracking use cases (for example pallets, containers, crates, parcels, luggage) with the emphasis on the use cases bringing new potential requirements and new KPIs to be supported by 5G communication services.
Identify new potential requirements to be fulfilled.
Insert here: activities, gaps, opportunities, and other user driven comments